Australian GSM Visa
The General Skilled Migration (GSM) program is an Australian work visa program for skilled migrants. If you want to work and live in Australia, you may be eligible for a visa through this program.
Temporary Work (Skilled) Visa (subclass 457)
The Temporary Work (Skilled) Visa is a temporary visa valid for 4 years. It does not require you to work in regional Australia (unless approved prior to Sept. 2009 under regional certification arrangement).You must work in an occupation on the prevailing Consolidated Skilled Occupations List and you must have necessary English skills.
Skilled Regional Visa (subclass 489)
The Skilled Regional Sponsored (Subclass 489) visa is for skilled workers who are sponsored by an eligible Australian relative living in a 'Designated Area' or nominated by a participating state or territory government.
Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190)
The Skilled Nominated (Subclass 190) visa is a for skilled workers who are nominated by a state or territory of Australia. This is a permanent residency visa, meaning the applicant can live and work in Australia permanently and eventually have the option for citizenship.
Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189)
The Skilled Independent (Subclass 189) visa is for skilled workers who are not sponsored. Sponsorships can be from employers, a state or territory, or a family member, but they are not necessary for this category. This is a permanent residency visa, meaning the applicant can live and work in Australia permanently and eventually have the option for citizenship.
Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) Visa (subclass 186)
The visa is a Permanent Resident Visa. It does not require you to work in regional Australia. However, it does require skills assessment by the relevant Australian authority and 3-years of work experience.